PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS
Papers, including text, tables and illustrations,
should be limited to a maximum length of 25 pages. The languages of the Journal are Turkish and English. For manuscripts submitted in English,
British or American spelling is acceptable. It is strongly recommended that authors whose native language is not English, should ask a person whose native language is English to check the grammar and style of manuscript before submission. Manuscripts should generally be structured as follows:
(b) Names of authors (bold and in capital) and their affiliations (italic and lower-case). The name and E-mail address of the corresponding author must appear at the bottom of the first page (in the left margin).
(d) Key words
(e) Introduction (aim, content and methodology)
(f) Main text (methods, material studied, descriptions, analyses etc.)
(g) "Results and Discussion" or "Conclusions and Recommendations"
(h) Acknowledgements (if necessary)
(j) Appendices (if necessary)
(l) List of figure captions
(n) Plates (if any)
The various levels of headings used in the manuscript should be clearly differentiated. All headings should be in left-aligned. Major headings should be bold capitals. Secondary headings should be considered as sub-headings. Primary- and secondary-subheadings should be given in lower-case and tertiary headings in italics. Headings should not be preceded by numerals or letters. Manuscripts (abstract, main text, acknowledgments, references, appendices and figure captions) should be typed on one side of the paper (A4 size: 29.7 cm x 21 cm) with wide margins (at least 2.5 cm) and 1.5 line-spaced throughout, at a font size of 12 point (Times New Roman) and with all pages numbered.
SI units (e.g. kPa, MPa, kN/m3) should be used, although corresponding metric units can be added in parentheses if desired (e.g. "The unit weight and compressive strength of the investigated sandstone are 24 kN/m3 (2.4 kg/m3) and 60 MPa (600 kgf/cm2), respectively). A dot should be used instead of a comma to show decimal fractions (e.g. 23.1). Symbols (such as ) should not be use in the manuscript. Instead of these, please use letters or numbers (i.e. (a), (b), ..or (i), (ii) , or (1), (2)). Foot notes should be avoided especially if they contain information which could equally well be included in the text. The use of proprietary names should be avoided. Papers essentially of an advertising nature will not be accepted. In the case of acceptance for publication, concise well-prepared papers in the Journal style are likely to be published sooner than those in need of extensive editing and revision.
A cover page, separate from the main manuscript, must include the followings:
a. Title of the paper
b. Name(s) of author(s) (full forenames should be given)
c. Full postal and E-mail addresses of all authors (the corresponding author should be indicated). Fax and phone numbers for the corresponding author should also be provided.
Title and Authors
The title of the paper should unambiguously reflect its content and preferably should not exceed ten words. If the paper is written in Turkish, the Turkish title (in bold-face type and lower-case) should be followed by the English title (italic and lower-case). If the paper is in English, the English title should appear before the Turkish title in the style mentioned above.
The abstract not exceeding 300 words should be informative (aim of the study and main conclusive remarks). It should not contain references. The Abstract should be given in both Turkish and English. If the paper is written in Turkish, an English abstract (in italics) should follow the Turkish abstract, while a Turkish abstract (in italics) should appear after the English abstract in papers written in English.
The Abstract should include not more than 7 key words which reflect the entries the authors would like to see in an index. Key words should be given in both Turkish and English. Key words should be written in lower-case letters, separated by commas, and given in alphabetical order. For Technical Notes and Discussions, key words should not be provided.
All references cited in the text, and in captions of figures and tables should be presented in a list of references under a heading of "REFERENCES" following the text of the manuscript. For single or dual-author papers, refer to the author(s) name(s) (without initials) and the year of publication in parentheses (e.g. Barka and Kadiansky-Cade (1988); Hudson (1990)). For publications written by more than two authors, the name of the first author should be used, followed by "et al." and a comma should be put between the authors names and the year of publication (e.g. Vendeville et al., 1995). The list of references in citations should be arranged chronologically from the earliest to the most recent, and separated by semi-colons (e.g. "Several studies, including both field and laboratory experiments (Komar and Li, 1986; Scmidt and Ergenziger, 1992; Carling et al., 1992; Schmidt and Gints, 1995) were carried out."). If reference is not directly obtained but can be found in another reference, cross-reference should be given as follows: " Gamble (1971; Franklin and Chandra, 1972)". For verbal or written personal communications, the reference should be given in the text as above (e.g. Gerçek (2001)) and also be cited in the reference list.
Examples of layout of references
Barka, A.A., and Kadinksy-Cade, K., 1988. Strike-slip fault geometry in Turkey and its influence on earthquake activity. Tectonics, 7(1), 663-684.
Author(s), Date. Title of paper. Full Name of Journal, Vol. (No), pages.
(b)Proceedings and Abstracts
Stephansson, O., 2003. Estimation of virgin state of stress and determination of final rock stress model. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Rock Stress-RS Kumamoto03, K. Sugawara,Y. Obara and A. Sato (eds.), A.A. Balkama ,Tokyo.
Bouchon, M., Toksöz, M.N., Karabulut, H., Boun, M.P., Dictrich, M., and Aktar, M., 2002. Space and times evaluation of rupture and faulting during the 1999 Gölcük, İzmit (Turkey) earthquake .1st International Symposium of the Faculty of Mines (İTÜ) on Earth Sciences and Engineering, İTÜ, İstanbul, Abstracts, p.51.
Author(s), Date. Title of paper. Title of Symposium or Congress, Name of Editor(s), Name and Location of Publisher, Vol. (if any), pages.
Proceedings on CD:
Aydan, Ö., Sezaki, M., and Yarar, R., 1996. The seismic characteristics of Turkish earthquakes. 11th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Acapulco, Mexico, CD Paper No. 1025.
Turcotte, D.L., 1975. Fractals and Chaos in Geology and Geophysics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Author(s), Date. Name of Book. Name and Location of Publisher.
(d) Published Reports
Fairhurst, C., Brown, E.T., Marsly, G., Detounay, E., Nikolaevskiy, V., Pearson, J.R.A., and Townley, L., 1998. Underground nuclear testing in French Polynesia: Stability and hydrogeology issues. Report of International Geomechanical Commission to the French Government, Vol. I and II.
Author(s), Date. Title of report. Name of Organization, Vol. (if any).
(e) Unpublished Reports and Thesis
Deere, D.U., and Miller, R.P., 1966. Engineering classification and index properties for intact rock. Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Technical Report No. AFWL-TR-65-116, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico (unpublished).
Author(s), Date. Title of report. Name of Organization, Report No., Name of City (unpublished).
Meyer, W.H., 1977. Computer modeling of electro-magnetic prospecting methods. PhD Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, USA (unpublished).
Author, Date. Title of thesis. Type of Thesis (MSc or PhD), Name of University or Institution, City, Country (unpublished).
(f) Personal Communications
Gerçek, H., 2001. Personal communication. Mining Engineering Department of Karaelmas University, Zonguldak, Turkey.
(g) Information Downloaded from the Internet
ERD (Earthquake Research Department of Turkey), 2005. http://www.gov.tr, 3 April 2005.
Name of the Organization, Date. Web address, date of access to website.
Turkish references can also be given directly in Turkish. For such references please use Turkish characters. Some examples are given below.
Gülsoy, Ö.Y., Orhan, C.E., Can, N.M. ve Bayraktar, İ., 2004. Manyetik ayırma ve flotasyonla magmatik ve metamorfik kayaçlardan feldispat üretimi. Yerbilimleri, 30, 49-61.
Doğan, R., 2003. Kırşehir Masifi kuzeyinin tektonik ve magmatik evrimi konusunda bazı düşünceler. 55. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurultayı, Bildiri Özleri, 66-67.
Ketin, İ. ve Canıtez , N., 1972 .Yapısal Jeoloji . İTÜ Matbaası, Gümüşsuyu, İstanbul.
Nazik, L., Törk, K., Özel, E., Mengi, H., Aksoy, B. ve Acar, C., 1998. Kuzey ve kuzeydoğu Trakya (Kırklareli-Tekirdağ)daki doğal mağaralar. MTA Genel Müdürlüğü, Rapor No. 4384, Ankara (yayımlanmamış).
Sönmez, H., 1999. Soma linyitleri açık işletmelerinde eklemli kaya kütlesi içindeki şevlerin duraylılığının değerlendirilmesi.Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Ankara (yayımlanmamış).
Papers "in preparation" or "submitted" are not valid references. In the case of cross-referencing, only the reference in which the otherwise inaccessible reference is found should appear in the list of references. For references, whose authors and dates of publication are the same, the letters "a, b," etc. should follow the date of each reference (e.g. Goodman, 1988a and 1988b).
Acknowledgements should be brief and confined to persons and organizations that have made significant contributions. Please use full names without titles and indicate name(s) of the organization(s) of the person(s) acknowledged.
Mathematical symbols and formulae should be typed. Equation numbers should appear in parentheses at the right-hand side of the equations and be numbered consecutively. For Greek or other non-Roman letters, identify the symbol in words in the left-hand margin just below the equation the first time it is used. In addition, the meaning of symbols used in equations should be given below the equations.
Where is the shear strength, c is cohesion, is normal stress and, is internal friction angle."
Subscripts and superscripts should be given clearly and written in smaller character (e.g. Id, x2). Instead of square-root symbol, an indice of 0.5 should be used (e.g. y = 5x 0.5). For the of multiplication sign do not use any symbol, however if necessary, the symbol "*" can be preferred (e.g. y=5*10-3). Please use "/" for division instead of a horizontal line between numerator and denominator. In the expression of chemical reactions, ions should be given as Ca2+ and CO32- (not Ca++ and CO3--). In the text, equations should be referred to as equation (1). Computer program listings, if appropriate, must be very clear in an Appendix.
Tables with their titles should not exceed the printed area of the page (15.8 cm (wide) x 22.5 cm (deep)) and be numbered consecutively. Both Turkish and English titles should appear at the top of a table (do not print table captions on a separate sheet). If the manuscript is written in Turkish, English title in italics should follow the Turkish title. For manuscripts in English, a Turkish title should appear below the English title in italics. They should begin "Table 1." etc. Tables should be referred to as Table 1 or Tables 1 and 2 (if more than one table is referred to). Tables can be written in a font size smaller than that of the text (10 or 11 point). Tables should be arranged to fit single column (7.3 cm wide) or double column (15.8 cm wide). No vertical rules should be used. Horizontal rules should only be used at the top and bottom of the tables, and to separate headings and numbers listed in the tables (Please check the previous issues of the Journal). Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in manuscript (e.g. in graphs). Each table should be separately printed and appear after the text (after references). All abbreviations and symbols must be identified with smaller character underneath the tables (e.g. c: uniaxial compressive strength; Il: Illite; etc).
All illustrations, whether diagrams, charts and photographs, should be of high quality, referred to as "Figures" and be numbered consecutively as they appear in the text. They must be originals presented separately from manuscripts, and not be folded. The number of the figure should be given at top on the right-hand side of the paper. Illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without retouching. Figure captions should be supplied on a separate sheet and should begin "Figure 1." etc. As with the rules given for tables, figure captions should also be given both in Turkish and English. All illustrations should be printed on separate pages and given offer tables together with a list of figure captions. The maximum printed size of illustrations is 15.8 cm (wide) x 22.5 cm (deep) together with figure captions. It is recommended that all illustrations should be designed with the Journals single-column or two-column layout in mind, and where possible, illustrations should be designed for a single column. Foldout and colored illustrations are not accepted.
Illustrations, particularly maps, field sketches and photographs should have a metric bar scale rather than magnification factors. All maps should have a north mark. Regional maps may include National Grid or latitude/longitude number where appropriate. Map keys should be given on the figure, not in the figure caption.
Photographs, line drawings, or combinations may be grouped as figure parts (a), (b), etc. It is preferred that these are mounted. Letters or numerals should not be less than 1 mm after reduction. Avoid fine shading and tones, particularly from computer graphics packages. Shading should be distinct. Photographs must be black and white and sharp, and exhibit good contrast.
All illustrations must be numbered in the order in which they are referred to and discussed in the text as Figure 1 or Figures 1 and 2 (if more than one figures is referred to). Illustrations consisting of a set of fossil photographs should be given as "Plates" and submitted as original glossy prints and mounted in the desired layout. The number of plates should be kept to a minimum. Explanations of plates should be given in both Turkish and English on the same page.
Appendices are encouraged for specific details of methods (except known methods) or mathematics. Computer program listings are also accepted as appendices.
FINAL SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION
On acceptance of a manuscript, authors must submit one hard copy of the revised final draft as well as a copy of the manuscript on disk (both text, and tables and figures) in standard word processing format. High quality originals of plates should be submitted. Text, tables and figures should not be electronically transmitted, via the internet. Manuscripts should be processed in WORD. The disk should be clearly labeled with names of authors, version of word processor, a short title and file name. Please keep the paper as one file. Illustrations (except Plates) are welcome using the Corel Draw drawing program for PC. However, JPG files of the illustrations in resolution not less than 300 dpi should also be included.
One set of page proofs are sent to the corresponding author to be checked for typesetting/editing errors. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors, change or corrections that constitute departures from the article are not accepted. Proofs should be returned to the Editor-in-Chief within 3 days of receipt. Please note that the authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return, since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.
Fifteen reprints and a copy of the issue are supplied free of charge. They are sent to the corresponding author. Additional reprints must not be ordered.
The author or corresponding author on behalf of all authors (for papers with multiple authors) must sign the "Copyright Transfer" agreement before the article can be published. This transfer agreement enables the Earth Science Application and Research Center of Hacettepe University to protect the copyrighted material for the authors, but does not relinquish the authors proprietary rights. The Copyright Transfer form should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief as soon as possible. Manuscripts accepted for publication will not be sent to print until this form is received by the Editor-in-Chief.
All subscription enquiries should be addressed to "Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Yerbilimleri Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi, 06800 Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey (Phone: +90 312 297 67 20; Fax: +90 312 299 20 75)". Full papers published in the Journal can be downloaded from the Journal's web site (http://www.yerbilimleri.hacettepe.edu.tr) without any charge.